Terezín | National Gems II
The Terezín fortress was built in the 18th century and was intended to be used in the Prussian-Austrian wars. The troops of the Habsburg Monarchy have never encountered the Prussians directly, so the original purpose of Terezín was not fulfilled. Nevertheless, the strategic advantages of the town, divided into two halves (Big and Small Fortress), and surrounded by star-shaped fortifications, were about to be used in the future. Already in the 19th century, the Small Fortress served as a military and political prison. During the Second World War, the Nazis established the largest concentration camp in the Czech lands here.